Tag: Synthetic Sponges

Polyester Sponges

Polyester sponges were invented as a result of the discovery of polyester in 1937 by Otto Bayer. Polyester sponge material was originally adopted by the mop industry, which needed a cost effective, absorbent, strong, durable, material that was resistant to harsher cleaning chemicals, oil, and grease. The airy foam, which is similar in structure to natural sea sponges, but more chemically resistant, was then made into utility and kitchen sponges.

Aqua Polyester Sponge Collection
Aqua Polyester Sponge Collection

Polyester sponges remain soft even when dry, are resistant to solvents and chemicals, float, and can be sterilized by boiling. Polyester sponges are elastic, light, economical and durable. And like sea sponges, are extremely soft and come in a variety of shapes and sizes for different types of jobs.

Polyester Sponge Uses

The honeycomb structure of polyester sponges make them super-absorbent ideal for professionals for masonry, drywall, wall papering, tile and grout work, painting and general cleanup. Because of its chemical resistance, flexibility, elasticity and utility, this sponge can be used for all types of masonry, painting, texturing, as well as general cleaning projects. These characteristics also make this type of sponge the obvious choice for all general home, auto and marine applications.

How Polyester Sponges are Made

As a chemical term, Polyester can be broken into poly (meaning many), and ester, (referring to a basic organic chemical compound). A synthetic compound derived from petroleum, water and coal, Polyester was developed in a 20th-century laboratory. Polyester is formed from the chemical reaction of alcohol and an acid where, two or more molecules combine into a larger molecule with a structure that repeats throughout its length.

Ethylene, the primary ingredient used to manufacture polyester, is derived from petroleum. In this process, ethylene is the polymer used in a polymerization process to create the finished polyester. These long chain molecules are extremely strong and stable.

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Cellulose Sponges

Cellulose sponges are one of the most common types on the market. They are available in a variety of sizes, shapes, colors and types, are inexpensive, durable, soft and versatile. Many “kitchen” sponges used for cleaning and dishes are made of cellulose. Cellulose sponges, which are made from a form of wood pulp, are not only durable, but 100% biodegradable and sustainable. Cellulose sponges are exceptionally absorbent, great at holding liquid, and work well on a variety of different types of surfaces. And because they are made from cellulose they are made from a sustainably harvested natural resource, disposable and 100% biodegradable.

Cellulose Sponge Uses

Cellulose sponges work well for a variety of household and commercial applications. Cellulose sponges are used for all types of household chores including general cleaning, kitchen and bathroom. Cellulose sponges are the most common type kitchen sponge. They are used for dish washing, cleaning counter-tops, sinks, appliances, floors and more. In addition to kitchen use, cellulose sponges also work well for bathroom cleaning of showers, tile, sinks, countertops and glass. And although the sponge can be sterilized with heat or an antibacterial soap, cellulose sponges should not be used to wipe up bacteria rich material such as raw egg or raw meat juices, as dangerous bacterial growth can occur. In addition to kitchen and bathroom use, cellulose sponges are also used by tradesman and do-it-yourselfers for various applications including drywall, wallpapering, tile and grout, pottery making and for all types of home projects.

How Cellulose Sponges are Made

Cellulose sponges are made from a mixture of hemp fibers, sodium sulphate crystals, softeners, and wood pulp (cellulose). Flax and other materials are added to some formulations to provide added chemical resistance, strength or other desirable properties. The process of manufacturing cellulose sponges begins with large stiff sheets of Cellulose. The large sheets are mixed with softeners in large vats of water to create a soft jelly-like slurry that is then mixed with sodium sulphate crystals and dye.

Duro-Cel Cellulose Sponge Collection
Duro-Cel Cellulose Sponge Collection

Once the ingredients are thoroughly mixed, they are poured into a mold and heated. The sodium sulphate crystals melt as the mixture is cooked and drain out through openings in the bottom of the mold. The porous texture of cellulose sponges is created by holes left by the melting sodium sulphate crystals. The size of the sodium sulphate crystals is what determines the size of the pores in the finished sponge. Sponges manufactured for washing a car, which need to be more porous, are made with larger crystals, while finer pore sponges, like those used for applying makeup, are made with finer crystals.

The heated cellulose mixture is then cooled and hardens into a porous block that is then soaked in a mixture containing bleach to remove any remaining dirt or other impurities. Bleaching also brightens the color of the cellulose. After bleaching, the block is washed repeatedly with water, until the desired pliability and texture are achieved. After the sponge block is dried, it is cut into the appropriate size sponges and packaged for sale.

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Acme Synthetic Sponge Products

Synthetic sponges are sponges that are made through a combination of chemical process, as opposed to natural sponges that are simply harvested and processed. Because different types of sponges work better for different applications, Acme offers two different types of synthetic sponge lines in addition to our natural sea sponges. Our Duro-Cel™ line contains different sizes, shapes and formulations of polyester sponges and our Aqua Sponge™ sponges are made from cellulose.

Cellulose and Polyester Synthetic Sponge Material Closeup
Cellulose (left) and Polyester (right) Synthetic Sponge Material Closeup

Polyester Synthetic Sponge Products

Synthetic sponges that are made from polyester foam are very durable, elastic, light, economical and more chemically resistant than other types of sponges. Polyester sponge products are extremely soft, wet or dry, and have a super-absorbent honeycomb structure that make them an ideal choice for masonry, drywall, wallpapering and wall washing. The same properties that make them ideal for these types of applications also make them a good choice for all general home, auto and marine cleaning.

Cellulose Synthetic Sponge Products

Cellulose synthetic sponges, which are some of the most common types of kitchen and cleaning sponges, are exceptionally versatile and available in a variety of colors and shapes. Cellulose sponges are popular because they are extremely absorbent, soft, durable and inexpensive. Cellulose sponge products work well on many different types of surfaces, are great at absorbing and holding onto liquid, and can be sterilized with heat (boiling or microwaving) or an antibacterial soap.

Made from a form of wood pulp, cellulose sponges are not only versatile and durable, but also completely biodegradable. Because they are made from wood pulp, a sustainably harvested material, they are also environmentally friendly. Cellulose synthetic sponges are great for everyday kitchen, bathroom and other household cleaning, as well as for home, construction and specialty manufacturing applications.

Acme Synthetic Sponge Product Lines

Our synthetic sponge products have been developed for many different types of applications that synthetic sponges work best for. We recognize that having the right tool, or sponge, for the job saves time, money and effort, and have developed our Duro-Cel and Aqua brand sponges toward that end.

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